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Foundation single crochet tutorial

This is a photo tutorial for foundation single crochet. I learned this from Interweave Crochet magazine, Spring 2007 issue. To quote the article by Marty Miller, "Foundation stitches replace the traditional foundation chain plus the first row of stitches". The traditional method creates a tight row. This method creates stretchier row that is more sized like regular rows. It's also useful when you don't know how many stitches you need to "cast on" for your project. If you're familiar with the extended single crochet stitch, you'll find that that this fsc version is similar.

These stitches are also referred to as base ch/sc and chainless foundation. Here are links to other tutorials: 

1) Ch 2. Insert hook into 2nd ch from hook (between loops marked with red dots), and under both loops of the chain (the loop on the left marked below and the loop behind, not visible in this photo).


2) Yarn over, draw up a new loop through the first 2 loops on the hook.



3) There are now 2 loops on the hook. Yarn over and draw new loop through 1st loop on hook.



4) There are still 2 loops on the hook. Yarn over and draw new loop through both loops on the hook.



5) You have made one foundation single crochet (fsc). To start next, fsc, insert hook into st under both loops of the "ch" st of the previous st (first loop is marked red, second loop is behind and not visible in photo).



6) Yarn over and draw up a new loop through the first 2 loops on the hook.



7) There are 2 loops on the hook. Yarn over and draw new loop through 1st loop on hook.



8) Yarn over and draw new loop through both loops on the hook.



9) You now have made a second fsc.



10) Here's what several fscs look like.

*Added 2/28/2010*
Once you've learned the fsc, here are other stitches to try.

Foundation Half Double Crochet:

  1. In Step One, chain 2, yarn over first, then insert hook into the 2nd chain from the hook (the first chain that was made).
  2. The next steps are same as for fsc, but you'll have 3 loops on the hook instead of 2 in Step Three.
  3. In Step Four, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops.
  4. In Step Five, yarn over first, then insert hook into the chain st of the previous stitch. Again, the next steps are the same as for fsc.
  5. In Step Eight, yarn over and pull though all 3 loops.

Foundation Double Crochet:

  1. In Step One, chain 3 instead of 2. Yarn over first, then insert hook into the third chain from the hook (the first chain that was made).
  2. The next steps are same as for fsc, but you'll have 3 loops on the hook instead of 2 in Step Three.
  3. Repeat Step Four twice.
  4. In Step Five, yarn over first, then insert hook into the chain st of the previous stitch.
  5. Again, the next steps are same as for fsc, and repeat Step Eight twice.

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Comments

(Anonymous)
Dec. 26th, 2007 08:34 pm (UTC)
I've learned something new!
Thank you so much! I have really struggled learning this from the illustrations in Interweaves Crochet mag. Your photo tutorial has made all the difference for me! I feel like a whole new world opened up. I am using the fsc for the first time on the fingerless glove pattern from Crochetme.com (http://crochetme.com/patterns/basic-fingerless-mittens)

No more tight bases for me! Thank you for sharing this, it is truly appreciated. Those illustrations just didn't compute in my brain!
cheers,
Emily
http://emilyplayz.blogspot.com/
snuffykin
Dec. 26th, 2007 11:58 pm (UTC)
Re: I've learned something new!
Thanks for your feedback, Emily! I think it because photos have shadows, I have a better sense of perceiving spatial depth than with flat illustrations. Once I learned it, I now use it a lot! It's also supposed to be very good for making sock cuffs and sleeve cuffs edges nice & stretchy. Base chain foundation is less elastic a method.

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